Welcome to the Archives of the Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation. The purpose of this online database is to function as a tool for scholars, students, architects, preservationists, journalists and other interested parties. The archive consists of photographs, slides, articles and publications from Rudolph’s lifetime; physical drawings and models; personal photos and memorabilia; and contemporary photographs and articles.

Unless otherwise noted, all images and drawings are copyright © The Estate of Paul Rudolph and The Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation. Please speak with a representative of the Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation to get permission to use any drawings or photos. Drawings, sketches and other materials produced by Rudolph’s architectural office at the Library of Congress are maintained there for preservation, but the intellectual property rights belong to the Paul Rudolph Estate and Ernst Wagner, founder of the Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation.

Wee Duplex.jpg

City: Hong Kong
Zip Code:
Nation: China
Google Maps Address:

Type: Housing
Status: Project

Date(s): 1994
Site Area:
Floor Area:
Floors (Above Ground):
Building Cost:

Architect: Paul Rudolph
Rudolph Staff: Mark Squeo, Job Captain (1990-1991)
Associate Architect: 


Wee Duplex

  • Designed for a high and dramatic hill-top site with beautiful views, this would have been a triplex of luxury apartments, surmounted by a penthouse whose use was to be shared by the apartments’ residents. To circumvent the proscribed limits on footprint square-footage, Rudolph would have raised most of the building above the ground (including the apartments’ swimming pools.)

  • The composition needed to be compact, owing to the confined size of its site. It is densest at the building’s center: the functional core where are located elevators and exit stairs (almost the only elements, other than structure, which reach all-the-way to the ground.) Around them, the apartments’ living spaces spiral--and project outward in all directions.

  • To achieve this arrangement, the dwellings are interwoven through a complex of structural elements: concrete columns, cantilevered & suspended slabs & beams, and prominent diagonal struts. Every apartment would have had at least two floors—and some of Rudolph’s drawings indicate that he considered an even more complex arrangement of levels. As Rudolph’s career progressed, his renderings would increasingly include built-in plantings, showing that they were ever more prominent in his thinking. In this project (and softening the abundance of structural expression) are an abundance of plants that thread all through the architecture.

  • Cantilevers are a signature of Modern architectural, and they can be found throughout Paul Rudolph’s oeuvre—even in his earliest works in Florida (though usually in the form of projecting roofs or volumes.) But it is in later projects that Rudolph designed for himself—particularly the front & rear of his Beekman Place Quadruplex—that one sees him experimenting with adventurously projecting balconies and cage configurations. On can see traces of that here, albeit as a more massive, structurally hefty statement

  • The 12,000 sq. ft structure sits high above the ground on lofty pilotis with shifting cantilevered planes which make the building look like a giant kite.

  • The frame of the structure is made of concrete covered in reflective aluminium and glass walls enfold the building, separating interior and exterior spaces.

  • Each unit has its own courtyard, elevator and terrace garden, positioned in three directions.

  • It remains unbuilt.


DRAWINGS - Design Drawings / Renderings

DRAWINGS - Construction Drawings

DRAWINGS - Shop Drawings

PHOTOS - Project Model

PHOTOS - During Construction

PHOTOS - Completed Project

PHOTOS - Current Conditions



de Alba, Roberto. (2003). Paul Rudolph: The Late Work. New York, NY: Princeton Architectural Press.