Welcome to the Archives of the Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation. The purpose of this online database is to function as a tool for scholars, students, architects, preservationists, journalists and other interested parties. The archive consists of photographs, slides, articles and publications from Rudolph’s lifetime; physical drawings and models; personal photos and memorabilia; and contemporary photographs and articles.

Unless otherwise noted, all images and drawings are copyright © The Estate of Paul Rudolph and The Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation. Please speak with a representative of the Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation to get permission to use any drawings or photos. Drawings, sketches and other materials produced by Rudolph’s architectural office at the Library of Congress are maintained there for preservation, but the intellectual property rights belong to the Paul Rudolph Estate and Ernst Wagner, founder of the Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation.


Address: 246 East 58th Street
City: New York
State: New York
Zip Code: 10022
Nation: United States
Google Maps Address: 40.76005, -73.96533

Type: Commercial
Status: Built

Date(s): 1988-1992; 2007-2015
Site Area: 2,008 s.f.
Floor Area: 9,438 s.f.
Floors (Above Ground): 6
Building Cost:

Client: Ernst Wagner / Paul Rudolph
Architect: Paul Rudolph (1998-1992); Mark Squeo (2007-2015)
Rudolph Staff: Donald Luckenbill, Job Captain (1989-1990); Mark Squeo, Job Captain (1990-1991); Kevin Gannon, Drawings (1990-1991); Bill Telesco, Job Supervisor (1992); Ronald Chin, Administrative (1991-1992); Rene Haberstich, Administrative (1991)
Associate Architect: Donald Luckenbill
Structural: Peter Galdi (1988); Weidlinger Associates (1988-1993)
Structural Steel: Marino (1991)
Soils: Raamot (1989)
MEP: Harold Rosen Associates (1989)
Waterproofing: Baerman (1990)
Expeditor: Richard Potofsky (1989-1990), William Vitacco (1990-1992)

Contractor: Paul Rudolph (1988-1993); Phoenix Builders & Command Contractors (1989-1990)


The 4-story Modulightor Building was designed by Paul Rudolph from 1989-1994 as a residential and commercial structure to house Modulightor, the lighting company he founded with Ernst Wagner. The duplex apartment located on Floors 3 and 4 is the only Rudolph designed residence regularly open to the public in New York City.  Floors 5 and 6 were added from 2007-2015 by a former Rudolph employee using Rudolph’s preliminary sketches for an unbuilt 9-story design.

  • Paul Rudolph and Ernst Wagner purchased the property on February 24, 1989

  • Richard Potofsky was project expediter from 1989-8/21/1990

  • William Vitacco was project expediter from 7/16/1990-1992

  • The project converted into a multi-purpose building, with the showroom on the ground floor, fixture fabrication workshop & storage in the three cellar levels, and Paul Rudolph’s architectural office on the 2nd floor. A residential duplex, designed by Rudolph, occupies floors 3 & 4, a second duplex on 5 & 6, and the rooftop at level 7 (with an elevated “widow-walk” as a top-most 8th level.)

  • Like the 23 Beekman Place, Paul looked at the project as an open-ended, design experiment and developed complex spatial relationships among the interior and exterior volumes, through the the facade.

  • The shifting planes gave space for plantings on both the interior and exterior, and created a sense of transparency, while not compromising on the privacy of the occupants.

  • For the interior space, Paul orchestrated complex spatial relationships, which allowed the building to carry out various functions.

  • The objects in Paul’s collection at 23 Beekman Place were, after his passing, was moved into the Modulightor Building and they are now displayed throughout its many levels.

DRAWINGS - Design Drawings / Renderings

DRAWINGS - Construction Drawings

DRAWINGS - Shop Drawings

PHOTOS - Project Model

PHOTOS - During Construction

PHOTOS - Completed Project

PHOTOS - Current Conditions



de Alba, Roberto. (2003). Paul Rudolph: The Late Work. New York, NY: Princeton Architectural Press.

Rohan, T. (2014). The architecture of Paul Rudolph. New Haven, Conn.: Yale Univ. Press.