Welcome to the Archives of the Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation. The purpose of this online database is to function as a tool for scholars, students, architects, preservationists, journalists and other interested parties. The archive consists of photographs, slides, articles and publications from Rudolph’s lifetime; physical drawings and models; personal photos and memorabilia; and contemporary photographs and articles.

Unless otherwise noted, all images and drawings are copyright © The Estate of Paul Rudolph and The Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation. Please speak with a representative of the Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation to get permission to use any drawings or photos. Drawings, sketches and other materials produced by Rudolph’s architectural office at the Library of Congress are maintained there for preservation, but the intellectual property rights belong to the Paul Rudolph Estate and Ernst Wagner, founder of the Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation.

Bond (Lippo) Centre.jpg

Address: 89 Queensway, Admiralty
City: Hong Kong
Zip Code:
Nation: China
Google Maps Address: 22.27928, 114.16353

Type: Office
Status: Built

Date(s): 1984-1988
Site Area:
Floor Area:
Height: Tower I -
Floors (Above Ground):
Building Cost:

Client: Bond Corporation International Ltd.
Architect: Paul Rudolph
Associate Architect: Wong & Ouyang (HK) Ltd. - Nora Leung (Job Captain)
Landscape: EBC Hong Kong
Structural: Wong & Ouyang (HK) Ltd.
Graphic Design: Graphic Communication Ltd.
Acoustics: Campbell & Shillinglaw
Lighting: William Lam Associates, Inc.
QS/PM: Levett & Bailey

Contractor: Hip Hing Construction Co. Ltd.

Bond Centre (Lippo Centre)

  • Construction began in 1986 and completed in 1988

  • The project consists of two towers that are of different heights and similar plan and construction details.

Hong Kong is an entirely different project. It is interesting in that it’s being built on somebody else’s foundations, and, therefore, the planning of Hong Kong is determined by foundations already poured in place. The owners changed because of the relationship with Red China and everybody got scared. They are totally commercial office buildings, unlike Jakarta, and therefore the ground rules are very different. Also there are multiplicities of owners, unlike Dharmala, which is a corporate headquarters. It is like home to them, and, therefore, they take great interest in it. It’s not that they don’t take an interest in the Hong Kong projects. It’s just that the ground rules are very, very different, about what you can and cannot do. The Hong Kong project is two towers and I wanted to connect them with interlacing bridges. I don’t know whether you’ve ever seen any of those sketches or not. They wouldn’t let me do that. The reason for that was the prime developer/owner said that he made a substantial part of his fortune in textiles in Indonesia as a matter of fact. He said all of his factories had interconnecting bridges that take material and people from one part to the other. He didn’t want these office buildings to look like that. I was really disappointed. I couldn’t get around that argument though I did try.
— Paul Rudolph, from a 1986 interview with Robert Bruegmann
It was my intention that the building appear to inhabit the sky, and become dematerialized by reflecting Hong Kong’s ever-changing light.
— Paul Rudolph in Schmertz, Mildred. Resolutely Modernist. Architectural Record, January 1989

DRAWINGS - Design Drawings / Renderings

DRAWINGS - Construction Drawings

DRAWINGS - Shop Drawings

PHOTOS - Project Model

PHOTOS - During Construction

PHOTOS - Completed Project

PHOTOS - Current Conditions



“Bond Centre.” Architecture and Urbanism 233 (February 1990): 8-17.

de Alba, Roberto. (2003). Paul Rudolph: The Late Work. New York, NY: Princeton Architectural Press.