Welcome to the Archives of the Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation. The purpose of this online database is to function as a tool for scholars, students, architects, preservationists, journalists and other interested parties. The archive consists of photographs, slides, articles and publications from Rudolph’s lifetime; physical drawings and models; personal photos and memorabilia; and contemporary photographs and articles.

Unless otherwise noted, all images and drawings are copyright © The Estate of Paul Rudolph and The Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation. Please speak with a representative of the Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation to get permission to use any drawings or photos. Drawings, sketches and other materials produced by Rudolph’s architectural office at the Library of Congress are maintained there for preservation, but the intellectual property rights belong to the Paul Rudolph Estate and Ernst Wagner, founder of the Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation.


City: Stafford Harbor
State: Virginia
Zip Code:
Nation: United States
Google Maps Address:

Type: Masterplan / Housing
Status: Project

Date(s): 1966
Site Area:
Floor Area:
Floors (Above Ground):
Building Cost:

Architect: Paul Rudolph
Associate Architect: 


Master Plan, TownHouses, Apartments, Hotel, Boatel and Commercial Buildings for a Resort Community at Stafford Harbor

You very seldom work on an entire town, and this is the first time I’ve ever done it. The magnitude you’re dealing with makes for different concepts. In other words, an ant isn’t really designed as an elephant. It’s really quite a different thing. And that end I started with the site, from a purely visual, physical viewpoint. I really think of this as a continuation of the land. The intent is to emphasize the site, and so the buildings - in other words, the apartment units, which are intended to vary from six to perhaps as many as twelve stories in height - are put at the ridges of the hills, to emphasize the height of the hills. The lower buildings climb up the hill and merge with the housing so you don’t have a pygmy-giant relationship. Instead it becomes one thing - the high buildings and the low buildings are made into one, so the scale is the same. You not only increase the height of the hill and magnify the relationship of the building to the sky, but when you come to the really large buildings, such as schools, you use them to emphasize the valleys by building into the hill. That way, the void of the valley becomes more apparent. You don’t fill in the valley; you make it more of a valley. The hills are more of the hill, and the valleys more of a valley. And that conceptually carries all the way through this town, with the exception of the marina. A marina is a man-made thing and it has its own kind of geometry in terms of how you place a boat in a slip, and also there is the geometry of the car, so I purposely have shown the marina as a man-made thing which is not irregular. It’s man-made. It’s geometrical.
— Paul Rudolph in Piene, Nan R. "Paul Rudolph Designs a Town." Art In America 55 (July/August 1967): 59

DRAWINGS - Design Drawings / Renderings

DRAWINGS - Construction Drawings

DRAWINGS - Shop Drawings

PHOTOS - Project Model

PHOTOS - During Construction

PHOTOS - Completed Project

PHOTOS - Current Conditions



“Portfolio: proposed trailer tower; Stafford Harbor, Va.” il., plan. Pespecta 11 (1967): 178-218.

“New town that conserves landscape.” il., plan. Architectural Record 141 (April 1967): 151-158.

“That’s what a town is.” il., plan, sec. Progressive Architecture 48 (April 1967): 188-191.

“Fortnightly Club Studies Work Of Modern Architects.” Somerset Daily American, April 28, 1967. p. 8

Jacobs, David. “The Rudolph style: unpredictable.” il. New York Times Magazine (26 March 1967): 46-57.

“Nouvelle ville de Stafford Harbor, Virginia.” il., plan, map. Architecture D’Aujourd’hui 132 (June-July 1967): 92-95.

Piene, Nan R. “Paul Rudolph designs a town.” il., plan, (pt. col.). Art in America 55 (July-August 1967): 58-63.

“Town planned on 5,000-acre site.” il. New York Times (5 November 1967): VIII, 1: 2.

Stern, Robert A. M. New Directions in American Architecture . New York: Braziller, 1969. il. pp. 113-114.

The Architecture of Paul Rudolph. Introduction by Sibyl Moholy-Nagy. New York: Praeger 1970. il., plan, sec. pp. 210-217.

Cook, John Wesley and Heinrich Klatz. Conversations with Architects. New York: Praeger, 1973. il. p. 91.

Kemper, Alfred M. Drawings by American Architects. New York: Wiley, 1973. il. pp. 484-485.

Marlin, William. “Paul Rudolph: drawings.” il. Architectural Forum 138 (June 1973): 48-49.

Paul Rudolph, Dessins D’Architecture. Fribourg: Office du Livre, 1974. il., plan, elev. pp. 56-63.

“Rudolph.” il. Architects Journal 160 (4 September 1974): 527.

“Chronological list of works by Paul Rudolph, 1946-1974.” il. Architecture and Urbanism 49 (January 1977): 161.

“Master plan for resort community.” il. (pt. col.), plan. Architecture and Urbanism 80 (July 1977): 134, p. 300-305.

Janke, Rolf. Architectural Models. New York: Architectural Book, 1978. il. p. 43.