Welcome to the Archives of the Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation. The purpose of this online database is to function as a tool for scholars, students, architects, preservationists, journalists and other interested parties. The archive consists of photographs, slides, articles and publications from Rudolph’s lifetime; physical drawings and models; personal photos and memorabilia; and contemporary photographs and articles.

Unless otherwise noted, all images and drawings are copyright © The Estate of Paul Rudolph and The Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation. Please speak with a representative of the Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation to get permission to use any drawings or photos. Drawings, sketches and other materials produced by Rudolph’s architectural office at the Library of Congress are maintained there for preservation, but the intellectual property rights belong to the Paul Rudolph Estate and Ernst Wagner, founder of the Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation.

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LOCATION
Address: 285 Old Westport Road
City: North Dartmouth
State: Massachusetts
Zip Code: 12747
Nation: United States
Google Maps Address: 41.6291, -71.00641

STATUS
Type: Master Plan / Academic
Status: Built, Altered

TECHNICAL DATA
Date(s): 1963
Site Area:
Floor Area:
Height:
Floors (Above Ground):
Building Cost:

PROFESSIONAL TEAM
Client:
Architect: Paul Rudolph
Associate Architect: Desmond & Lord
Interiors: Bill Bagnell Associates, Inc.
Landscape:
Structural: Congdon, Gurney & Towle, Inc.; Sepp Firnkas
Plumbing: Robert W. Sullivan, Inc.
Heating: Francis Associates, Inc.
Electrical: McCarron & Hufnagle Associates, Inc.
QS/PM:

SUPPLIERS
Contractor: Franchi Construction Co., Inc.
Subcontractor(s): Margeson Plumbing Co. (Plumbing); Brandt-Jordan Corporation (Heating); Brady Electric Company (Electrical)

New Campus for Southeastern Massachusetts Technological Institute (now UMass Dartmouth)

SMTI juxtaposes a pedestrian campus defined by earth mounds with an encircling parking system. A spiraling mall created by buildings organizes the heart of the complex. The campus is intended to be a single building utilizing a single structural-mechanical system, to be constructed of one material. The pedestrian circulation is emphasized in an effort to humanize a campus which will probably grow markedly.
— Paul Rudolph in Moholy-Nagy, Sibyl, and Gerhard Schwab. The Architecture of Paul Rudolph. New York: Praeger, 1970. P. 152
The central organization of this campus is purposely a moving, or dynamic, one. That’s the very nature of what is needed, as I see it. When one gets beyond the spiraling mall, with its defining buildings, walks, terraces, plantings, etc., then other architects will take over, and indeed they already have. In that sense, I’ve thought of it as similar to Thomas Jefferson’s University of Virginia, wherein he made a fixed, well-defined, marvelous central core for the campus. But, beyond the core, other architects took over, building very inferior structures. The idea, the central core, must be strong enough as a center of the campus, and other architects will add on to that. But the cohesiveness of the center remains intact.
— Paul Rudolph in Cook, John Wesley. Conversations with Architects : Philip Johnson, Kevin Roche, Paul Rudolph, Bertrand Goldberg, Morris Lapidus, Louis Kahn, Charles Moore, Robert Venturi & Denise Scott Brown. New York: Praeger, 1973. p. 91
SMU is a new commuter campus on a very large piece of land well removed from other structures. Its design started with Jefferson’s University of Virginia and his defined “lawn” surrounded by pavilions connected with covered walks on two sides with the rotunda addressing the view on the opposite side. SMU’s “lawn” is a spiralling space, defined by a series of connected buildings on opposites sides, with a narrowed entry at one end and an open ended space at the other where the spiral becomes much larger, is marked by a campanile, and turns towards the lake. This central pedestrian complex was set in a mile diameter access drive connecting to an inner ring of parking. I got fired before the “spiral” was finished but fortunately I had some friends in other architectual offices who saw it through.

Desmond and Lord?

Desmond and Lord, yes - they believed in the scheme and carried out most of the buildings which define the central space.
— Paul Rudolph in Davern, Jeanne M. "A Conversation with Paul Rudolph." Architectural Record 170 (March 1982): 90-97
From my viewpoint the idea of the campus is that the spines are there and that they might be fleshed out in many different ways, but that the principle of it being one building, i.e. connected, and that the spaces in between are thereby formed on a relatively large scale. You see, I am back to the Piazza San Marco which doesn’t have a tree in sight, and all buildings are literally connected with all other buildings, and there are many different uses, and there is focus, a tremendous sense of space, and scale. It remains the greatest outdoor living room in Europe, I believe. Its vitality is there, it has little to do with style, it has little to do with materials, it has to do with the psychology of architectural space.
I do not think it is generally recognized how different conceptually the SMTI campus is. That the whole of America, almost the whole of America, is based on the freestanding building in a plane of space, and that the space in between is simply there. It has no use, no real meaning. And that is a tragedy because the European example is the exact opposite. It took many buildings, built over great length of time, and by placement formed a greater whole, a social whole if you will. And we haven’t got the hang of it. But I would insist that the basic thinking at SMTI it is the exact opposite. I don’t mean stylistically, which it may or may not be but — well, it is different of course, but that is not the real point. The real point is that the buildings are connected to form a greater whole, and that whole is a social entity, and that entity is not yet fully developed.
— Paul Rudolph in "Sub Rosa: Interview with Paul Rudolph". Ed. Lasse B. Antonsen, January 12, 1996

DRAWINGS - Design Drawings / Renderings

DRAWINGS - Construction Drawings

DRAWINGS - Shop Drawings

PHOTOS - Project Model

PHOTOS - During Construction

PHOTOS - Completed Project

PHOTOS - Current Conditions

LINKS FOR MORE INFORMATION

RELATED DOWNLOADS

PROJECT BIBLIOGRAPHY
“Institute de technology a North Dartmouth, Mass.” il., plan, sec. Architecture D’Aujourd’hui 36 (October 1966): 2-5.

“Architecture that gives a campus a single building unity; will Rudolph’s vision of the SMTI campus be fully recognized?” il. (pt. col.), plans, sec. Architectural Record 140 (October 1966): 145-160. Reply with rejoinder by Jan Reiner 141 (February 1967): 48.

“Architecture gives campus unity of a single building.” il., sec., diag. College and University Business 42 (February 1967): 72-75.

Jacobs, David. “Rudolph style: unpredictable.” il. New York Times Magazine (26 March 1967): 46.

Rudolph, P. and Moholy-Nagy, S. (1970). The Architecture of Paul Rudolph. New York: Praeger, pp. 152-165.

Paul Rudolph. Introduction and notes by Rupert Spade. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1971. il. (pt. col.), plan, sec. plates 72-81, p. 127.

Chermayeff, Ivan. Observations on American Architecture. New York: Viking, 1972. il. (pt. col.), pp. 68, 70.

Cook, John Wesley. Conversations with Architects. New York: Praeger, 1973. plan. pp. 91-92.

Jacob, Eva. New Architecture in New England. Lincoln, Mass.: De Cordova Museum, 1974. il. pp. 16-17, 96-97.

Paul Rudolph, Dessins D’Architecture. Fribourg: Office du Livre, 1974. il., plan, sec., elev. pp. 162-169.

Yamashita, Tsukasa. “Recent works of Paul Rudolph.” il. (pt. col.), plan, map, sec. Architecture and Urbanism 49 (January 1975): 37, 46-64, 144.

“Chronological list of works by Paul Rudolph, 1946-1974.” il., plan. Architecture and Urbanism 49 (January 1975): 159.

“Southeastern Massachusetts University.” il. (pt. col.), plan. Architectural Record 157 (January 1975): 126-131.

Molitor, Joseph W. Architectural Photography. New York: Wiley, 1976. il. pp. 88-89.

A Pictorial History of Architecture in America. New York: American Heritage, 1976. il. pp. 114-115.

“Southeastern Massachusetts Technological Institute.” il. (pt. col.), plan. Architecture and Urbanism 80 (July 1977): 131, 242-247.

“Paul Rudolph with Desmond and Lord; Southeastern Massachusetts Technological Institute, North Dartmouth, Mass. completion; 1970.” il., plans, sec. Global Architecture Document. Special Issue 1970-1980 (1980): 24-27.

Smith, G. E. Kidder. The Architecture of the United States. Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor, 1981. v. 1. il. pp. 298-300.