Welcome to the Archives of the Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation. The purpose of this online database is to function as a tool for scholars, students, architects, preservationists, journalists and other interested parties. The archive consists of photographs, slides, articles and publications from Rudolph’s lifetime; physical drawings and models; personal photos and memorabilia; and contemporary photographs and articles.

Unless otherwise noted, all images and drawings are copyright © The Estate of Paul Rudolph and The Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation. Please speak with a representative of the Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation to get permission to use any drawings or photos. Drawings, sketches and other materials produced by Rudolph’s architectural office at the Library of Congress are maintained there for preservation, but the intellectual property rights belong to the Paul Rudolph Estate and Ernst Wagner, founder of the Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation.


Address: 255 Main Street
City: Goshen
State: New York
Zip Code: 10924
Nation: United States
Google Maps Address: 41.40637, -74.31841

Type: Government
Status: Altered

Date(s): 1963
Site Area:
Floor Area:
Floors (Above Ground):
Building Cost:

Client: Orange County Board of Supervisors
Architect: Paul Rudolph
Associate Architect: Peter P. Barbone
Structural: Zetlin & Associates
MEP: Caretsky & Associates

Contractor: Corbeau-Neuman

Orange County Government Center

The remarkably complex program for the Orange County Center consisted of many specific interior spaces, such as courtrooms of many different types including juvenile delinquency, assembly spaces for the local government, spaces for the procurement by the public of varying licenses, fixed and rather special offices for various governmental officials including the judges and various clerical assistants, and storage of records. This scheme reflects the complexity and rather fixed nature of the program. The building is divided into three areas, one for the adult courts, one for the juvenile courts, and one for the governing assembly and licensing facilities. These three areas are subdivided but closely grouped around a court, allowing the light to enter through a rather elaborate series of clerestories made possible by higher ceiling heights for the more important and larger rooms. In the interior, the enclosed volume of one room often penetrates the adjacent room. Giving a sense of implied space beyond but allowing acoustical insulation. The resulting fragmented scale seems appropriate, since the building will be set in a small park and surrounded by residences relatively small in scale.
— Paul Rudolph in Moholy-Nagy, Sibyl, and Gerhard Schwab. The Architecture of Paul Rudolph. New York: Praeger, 1970. P. 102

DRAWINGS - Design Drawings / Renderings

DRAWINGS - Construction Drawings

DRAWINGS - Shop Drawings

PHOTOS - Project Model

PHOTOS - During Construction

PHOTOS - Completed Project

PHOTOS - Current Conditions



Valenti, Virginia. “Rudolph, Barbone appointed Clemson School Architects” Middletown Times Herald Record, June 26, 1964

Kinet, C. (1966, February 04). Criticisms of County Complex Aired in Goshen. Middletown Times Herald Record, p. 13

“Paul Rudolph’s elaborated spaces: six new projects.” il., plan, sec. Architectural Record 139 (June 1966): 135-139.

“Tribunal du comte d’orange a Goshen, N.Y.” il., plan, sec. Architecture D’Aujourd’hui 128 (October-November 1966): 6-7.

Middleton, Robin. “Disintegration.” plan. Architectural Design 37 (May 1967): 203-204.

“County Center May Open By Year’s End.” Middletown Times Herald Record, February 28, 1969. p. 61

Rudolph, P. and Moholy-Nagy, S. (1970). The Architecture of Paul Rudolph. New York: Praeger, pp. 102-107.

Kimpel, H. (1970, March 13). Orange Demands More Facts From Builder. Middletown Times Herald Record, p. 74

Kimpel, H. (1970, March 26). April 6 Hearing Set for Claims on Orange. Middletown Times Herald Record, p. 7

Kimpel, H. (1970, July 22). County Center Rises Among Barbs. Middletown Times Herald Record, p. 4

“Goshen Gala Dedicates $6.7 Million Complex.” Middletown Times Herald Record, October 16, 1970. p. 5

Schmertz, Mildred F. “County government center by Paul Rudolph.” il. (pt. col.), plan, sec., diag. Architectural Record 150 (August 1971): 83-92.

“Spazi gomito a gomito.” il., plan. sec. Architettura 17 (December 1971): 540-542.

Michigan, University. Law School. The American Courthouse, Planning and Design for the Judicial Process. Ann Arbor, Mich.: Institute of Continuing Education, 1973. il., plan, sec. pp. 262-263.

“Clearing The Record.” Middletown Times Herald Record, May 11, 1974. p. 7

Tynan, Trudy. “Work of county center architect has leaky history.” Middletown Times Herald Record, September 06, 1974

“Chronological list of works by Paul Rudolph, 1946-1974.” il., plan. Architecture and Urbanism 49 (January 1975): 159.

“Orange County office and courthouse building.” il. (pt. col.), plan, sec. Architecture and Urbanism 80 (July 1977): 133, 166-169.

Davern, Jeanne M., ed. Architecture 1970-1980: A Decade of Change. New York: McGraw Hill, 1980. il., sec. pp. 32-33.

Smith, G. E. Kidder. The Architecture of the United States. Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor, 1981, v. 1. il. pp. 435-436.

Hawthorne, C. (2013, November 17). What the Houston Astrodome Can Teach Us. Victorville Press Dispatch, p. 105

Hill, M. (2015, April 13). Unloved Landmark gets Update. Elyria Chronicle telegram, p. 22