Welcome to the Archives of the Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation. The purpose of this online database is to function as a tool for scholars, students, architects, preservationists, journalists and other interested parties. The archive consists of photographs, slides, articles and publications from Rudolph’s lifetime; physical drawings and models; personal photos and memorabilia; and contemporary photographs and articles.

Image rights are the responsibility of the user. Unless otherwise noted, images should be credited to the Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation. Please speak with a representative of the Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation before publishing photographs. Drawings, sketches and other materials at the Library of Congress are in the public domain, however the digital scan or photograph of the item still belongs to its creator. The copyright of any other items remains with the estate of Paul Rudolph and Ernst Wagner, founder of the Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation.


Address: 255 Main Street
City: Goshen
State: New York
Zip Code: 10924
Nation: United States
Google Maps Address: 41.40637, -74.31841

Type: Government
Status: Altered

Date(s): 1963
Site Area:
Floor Area:
Floors (Above Ground):
Building Cost:

Client: Orange County Board of Supervisors
Architect: Paul Rudolph
Associate Architect: Peter P. Barbone
Structural: Zetlin & Associates
MEP: Caretsky & Associates


Orange County Government Center

The remarkably complex program for the Orange County Center consisted of many specific interior spaces, such as courtrooms of many different types including juvenile delinquency, assembly spaces for the local government, spaces for the procurement by the public of varying licenses, fixed and rather special offices for various governmental officials including the judges and various clerical assistants, and storage of records. This scheme reflects the complexity and rather fixed nature of the program. The building is divided into three areas, one for the adult courts, one for the juvenile courts, and one for the governing assembly and licensing facilities. These three areas are subdivided but closely grouped around a court, allowing the light to enter through a rather elaborate series of clerestories made possible by higher ceiling heights for the more important and larger rooms. In the interior, the enclosed volume of one room often penetrates the adjacent room. Giving a sense of implied space beyond but allowing acoustical insulation. The resulting fragmented scale seems appropriate, since the building will be set in a small park and surrounded by residences relatively small in scale.
— Paul Rudolph in Moholy-Nagy, Sibyl, and Gerhard Schwab. The Architecture of Paul Rudolph. New York: Praeger, 1970. P. 102

DRAWINGS - Design Drawings / Renderings

DRAWINGS - Construction Drawings

DRAWINGS - Shop Drawings

PHOTOS - Project Model

PHOTOS - During Construction

PHOTOS - Completed Project

PHOTOS - Current Conditions



Valenti, Virginia. “Rudolph, Barbone appointed Clemson School Architects” Middletown Times Herald Record, June 26, 1964

“Chronological list of works by Paul Rudolph, 1946-1974.” il., plan. Architecture and Urbanism 49 (January 1975): 159.

Davern, Jeanne M., ed. Architecture 1970-1980: A Decade of Change. New York: McGraw Hill, 1980. il., sec. pp. 32-33.

Michigan, University. Law School. The American Courthouse, Planning and Design for the Judicial Process. Ann Arbor, Mich.: Institute of Continuing Education, 1973. il., plan, sec. pp. 262-263.

Middleton, Robin. “Disintegration.” plan. Architectural Design 37 (May 1967): 203-204.

“Orange County office and courthouse building.” il. (pt. col.), plan, sec. Architecture and Urbanism 80 (July 1977): 133, 166-169.

“Paul Rudolph’s elaborated spaces: six new projects.” il., plan, sec. Architectural Record 139 (June 1966): 135-139.

Schmertz, Mildred F. “County government center by Paul Rudolph.” il. (pt. col.), plan, sec., diag. Architectural Record 150 (August 1971): 83-92.

Smith, G. E. Kidder. The Architecture of the United States. Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor, 1981, v. 1. il. pp. 435-436.

“Spazi gomito a gomito.” il., plan. sec. Architettura 17 (December 1971): 540-542.

“Tribunal du comte d’orange a Goshen, N.Y.” il., plan, sec. Architecture D’Aujourd’hui 128 (October-November 1966): 6-7.