Welcome to the Archives of the Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation. The purpose of this online database is to function as a tool for scholars, students, architects, preservationists, journalists and other interested parties. The archive consists of photographs, slides, articles and publications from Rudolph’s lifetime; physical drawings and models; personal photos and memorabilia; and contemporary photographs and articles.

Unless otherwise noted, all images and drawings are copyright © The Estate of Paul Rudolph and The Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation. Please speak with a representative of the Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation to get permission to use any drawings or photos. Drawings, sketches and other materials produced by Rudolph’s architectural office at the Library of Congress are maintained there for preservation, but the intellectual property rights belong to the Paul Rudolph Estate and Ernst Wagner, founder of the Paul Rudolph Heritage Foundation.

Crawford Manor Housing.jpg

Address: 90 Park Street
City: New Haven
State: Connecticut
Zip Code: 06511
Nation: United States
Google Maps Address: 41.30662, -72.93589

Type: Housing
Status: Built

Date(s): 1962
Site Area:
Floor Area:
Floors (Above Ground):
Building Cost:

Architect: Paul Rudolph
Associate Architect: 


Crawford Manor Housing for the Elderly

The understanding and help of local and Federal officials for public housing, an exceptional mayor, and a good site, permitted this most difficult exercise in the economics of building to be fulfilled. The vertical thrust of the piers balanced by the axis of balconies at 90° angles to each other gives this building a sense of restrained, dynamic energy. The utilization of a special precast block for all exterior surfaces breaks down the scale of the building, enables it to weather well and helps to keep the building within the stringent economic limits imposed on public housing in the United States.
— Paul Rudolph in Moholy-Nagy, Sibyl, and Gerhard Schwab. The Architecture of Paul Rudolph. New York: Praeger, 1970. P. 192

DRAWINGS - Design Drawings / Renderings

DRAWINGS - Construction Drawings

DRAWINGS - Shop Drawings

PHOTOS - Project Model

PHOTOS - During Construction

PHOTOS - Completed Project

PHOTOS - Current Conditions



“Balcolnies for the elderly.” il. Architectural Forum 124 (March 1966): 57.

Metz, Don. New Architecture in New Haven. Cambridge: M.I.T., 1966. il., plan. pp. 70-71.

“Rudolf: balconate per anziani.” il. Architettura 12 (July 1966): 188.

“Immeuble d’habitation a New Haven, Connecticut.” il., plan. Architecture D’Aujourd’hui 130 (February-March 1967): 38-39.

“Alterwohnungen Crawford Manor in New Haven, USA.” il., plan. Werk 54 (March 1967): 125-129.

“Crawford Manor public housing, New Haven, Connecticut.” il., plans, sec., diags. Progressive Architecture 48 (May 1967): 124-129.

Middleton, Robin. “Disintegration.” il., plan. Architectural Design 37 (May 1967): 203-204.

“Edifice per anziani, New Haven.” il., plans. Architettura 13 (July 1967): 184-185.

“Implied spaces.” il., plan. Architectural Review 142 (September 1967): 172.

Scully, Vincent Joseph. American Architecture and Urbanism. New York: Praeger, 1969. il. pp. 204, 246-248.

Rudolph, P. and Moholy-Nagy, S. (1970). The Architecture of Paul Rudolph. New York: Praeger, pp. 192-195.

Paul Rudolph. Introduction and notes by Rupert Spade. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1971. il., plans. plates 58-62, p. 126.

Venturi, Robert. “Ugly and ordinary architecture or the decorated shed.” il., plan. Architectural Forum 135 (November 1971): 64-67.

New Architecture in New Haven. Revised ed. Cambridge: M.I.T., 1973. il., plan. pp. 8-9.

Cook, John Wesley. Conversation With Architects. New York: Praeger, 1973. il. pp. 118-120.

“Chronological list of works by Paul Rudolph, 1946-1974.” il., plan. Architecture and Urbanism 49 (January 1975): 159.

“Crawford Manor housing for the elderly.” il. plan. Architecture and Urbanism 80 (July 1977): 92-95.

Macsai, John. Housing. 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley, 1982. il., plans, pp. 390-391.